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Substance-induced mood disorder is defined by the DSM is a more general category of mood disorders that are caused by the intoxication or withdrawal of a drug or medication. This disorder is described as having at least one of the following:

  • depressed mood or significantly diminished interest or pleasure in all, or almost all, activities
  • elevated, expansive, or irritated mood

To use this diagnosis there must be proof that the intoxication or withdrawal of a drug or medication directly caused the mood disorder.

This diagnosis is not used when the mood disorder continues well after (about a month) the drug or medication use has stopped.

This diagnosis is not used when the mood disorder is only found during delirium.

To meet clinical standards these symptoms also must cause significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.


Mood disorders as diagnosed by the DSM edit
Mood episodes: Major depressive episode Manic episode Mixed episode Hypomanic episode

Depressive disorders: Major depressive disorder Dysthymic disorder Depressive disorder NOS (PMDD)

Bipolar disorders: Bipolar I disorder Bipolar II disorder Cyclothymic disorder Bipolar disorder NOS

Other mood disorders: Mood disorder due to a general medical condition Substance-induced mood disorder Mood disorder NOS

Episode specifiers: Severity Psychotic Remission Chronic Catatonic Melancholic Atypical Postpartum

Course specifiers: Longitudinal Seasonal (SAD) Rapid cycling

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